ODOUREX TOILET BLOCKS

ABSTRACT
Due to the effect of mothballs we as environmental managers specializing in organic waste management. We focus our services on non-chemical treatment of waste. We also emphasize use of waste to generate value of our clients. We have come out with a product which is environmental friendly and non-exhausting.
Following the due increase in greenhouse gas causing global warming and health effect on man and his environs. Some of the effects are caused by mothballs which consist of naphthalene which is the second largest increase of naphthalene in the environment, as a company, we have introduced a product named Oduorex as an alternative to mothballs in urinal pit and in waste water pathway to reduce the smell. We have included our proposal for a standards assortment that should fit the long term needs of the people. Obviously moving forward we will want to increase the product of assortment, quantity and delivery schedule depending on how it will hit the market.
We propose to introduce Oduorex to reduce the problem encountered in the use of mothballs in urinary pits and significantly reduce the odour. The initial treatment will involve introduction of the Oduorex in urinal pits and in waste water pathways .e.g. bathroom. It is also good that you discontinue the use of deodorants such as mothballs and disinfectants as they will not be necessary. This will interpret into saving on your side. Constant monitoring by the establishment will help in the maintenance of the system within working parameters.
This Oduorex were are now introducing into the market is pocket friendly besides being environment friendly.
INTRODUCTION
Oduorex is new product
The earlier mothball constituted of naphthalene unlike our new product Oduorex that is purely made from clay and ceramic which are non-polluting and with minimal side effects to its users.
Naphthalene is a white solid that evaporates easily. It is also called mothballs, moth flakes, white tar, and tar camphor. When mixed with air, naphthalene vapors easily burn. Fossil fuels, such as petroleum and coal, naturally contain naphthalene. Burning tobacco or wood produces naphthalene. The major commercial use of naphthalene is to make other chemicals used in making polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. The major consumer products made from naphthalene are moth repellents, in the form of mothballs or crystals, and toilet deodorant blocks. It is also used for making dyes, resins, leather tanning agents, and the insecticide carboxyl.
the burning of wood or tobacco, and from accidental spills. Naphthalene at hazardous waste sites and landfills can dissolve in water and be present in drinking water. Naphthalene can become weakly attached to soil or pass through the soil particles into underground water.
Most of the naphthalene entering the environment is from the burning of woods and fossil fuels in the home. The second greatest release of naphthalene is through the use of moth repellents. Only about 10% of the naphthalene entering the environment is from coal production and distillation. Less than 1% of the naphthalene released to the atmosphere can be attributed to the losses from naphthalene production. Cigarette smoking also releases small amounts of naphthalene into the air.
Naphthalene evaporates easily. That is why you can smell mothballs. In the air, moisture and sunlight make it break down, often within 1 day. Naphthalene can change to 1 naphthol or 2 naphthol. These chemicals have some of the toxic properties of naphthalene. Some naphthalene will dissolve in water in rivers, lakes, or wells. Naphthalene in water is destroyed by bacteria or evaporates into the air. Most naphthalene will be gone from water in rivers or lakes within 2 weeks.
Naphthalene binds weakly to soils and sediments. It easily passes through sandy soils to reach underground water. In soil, some microorganisms break down naphthalene. When near the surface of the soil, naphthalene will evaporate into air. Microorganisms present in the soil will break down most of the naphthalene in 1-3 months.
Naphthalene does accumulate in the flesh of animals and fish that you might eat. If dairy cows are exposed to naphthalene, some naphthalene will be in their milk; if laying hens are exposed, some naphthalene will be in their eggs. Naphthalene and the methylnaphthalenes have been found in very small amounts in some samples of fish and shellfish from polluted waters.
1 Methylnaphthalene is a naphthalene-related compound that is also called alpha methylnaphthalene. It is a clear liquid. Its taste and odor have not been described, but you can smell it in water when only 7.5 ppb are present.
Another naphthalene-related compound, 2 methylnaphthalene, is also called beta methylnaphthalene. It is a solid like naphthalene. The taste and odor of 2 methylnaphthalene have not been described. Its presence can be detected at a concentration of 10 ppb in air and 10 ppb in water.
1 Methylnaphthalene and 2 methylnaphthalene are used to make other chemicals such as dyes, and resins. 2 Methylnaphthalene is also used to make vitamin K. All three chemicals are present in cigarette smoke, wood smoke, tar, asphalt, and at some hazardous waste sites.
Exposure to naphthalene has been linked to a number of adverse health effects. The major non-cancer endpoints are hyperplasia and metaplasia in respiratory and olfactory epithelium, respectively, and the cancer endpoint of concern are nasal tumors.

METHODOLOGY
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
LITERATURE REVIEW OF THE EXISTING RELEVANT PRODUCT
In the early 1820s, two separate reports described a white solid with a pungent odor derived from the distillation of coal tar. In 1821, John Kidd cited these two disclosures and then described many of this substance’s properties and the means of its production. He proposed the name naphthalene, as it had been derived from a kind of naphtha (a broad term encompassing any volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture, including coal tar). Naphthalene’s chemical formula was determined by Michael Faraday in 1826. The structure of two fused benzene rings was proposed by Emil Erlenmeyer in 1866, and confirmed by Carl Gräbe three years later.
Naphthalene was first registered as a pesticide in the United States in 1948 with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). A registration standard was issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) in 1981, and the agency reregistered naphthalene in 2008. See the text box on Laboratory Testing.
Naphthalene, the simplest of the fused or condensed ring hydrocarbon compounds composed of two benzene rings sharing two adjacent carbon atoms; chemical formula, C10H8. It is an important hydrocarbon raw material that gives rise to a host of substitution products used in the manufacture of dyestuffs and synthetic resins. Naphthalene is the most abundant single constituent of coal tar, a volatile product from the destructive distillation of coal, and is also formed in modern processes for the high-temperature cracking (breaking up of large molecules) of petroleum. It is commercially produced by crystallization from the intermediate fraction of condensed coal tar and from the heavier fraction of cracked petroleum. The substance crystallizes in lustrous white plates, melting at 80.1° C (176.2° F) and boiling at 218° C (424° F). It is almost insoluble in water. Naphthalene is highly volatile and has a characteristic odour; it has been used as moth repellent. In its chemical behavior, naphthalene shows the aromatic character associated with benzene and its simple derivatives. Its reactions are mainly reactions of substitution of hydrogen atoms by halogen atoms, nitro groups, sulfonic acid groups, and alkyl groups. Large quantities of naphthalene are converted to naphthylamines and naphthols for use as dyestuff intermediates. For many years naphthalene was the principal raw material for making phthalic anhydride.
Therefore, as clearly seen with the earlier naphthalene mothball, its admittedly that such a product contributes somehow to environmental degradation.
Introduction of chemical free based oduorex in the context of managing waste would act as a milestone in the fight for clear environment free from diseases.
Our new Oduorex is purely clay and ceramic,hence extensive acceptance for its minimal or nor side effects

PUBLIC PARTICIPATION/CONSULTATION METHODOLOGY
We had thorough consultation with the members of the public about our product-ODOUREX and had positive response about it. The public highlighted its advantages as below:
 It is odorless
 It does not sublime (direct change from solid to gaseous state)
 It is cheaper than the earlier naphthalene mothballs
 It absorbs urine content then detoxifies before releasing the urine
 It is environmental friendly
 It doesn’t cause greenhouse effect
 It does not cause ozone layer depletion
 It is a chemical free based product
 It’s made of clay and ceramic unlike the earlier mothballs which were consisted of naphthalene
 Its [Oduorex] 100% recyclable i.e. it can be recharged
The public also cited some side effect but the positive effects far much outweighs the negative ones. Some of these negative effect cited includes
DIRECT OBSERVATION
We subjected our product to real conditions in its intended place of use and observed its effectiveness to its purpose as underscored below
It reduces flies and mosquitoes hence reduces transmission of infectious diseases
It reduces the formation of sludge
It improves percolation of water in the ground
It improves the functioning of septic tanks since there is no formation of sludge

EXPERIMENTATION
 ODOURLEX when submerged in water it tends to absorb water without change in its mass
 Oduorex in its place of use [in urine] declines slowly in mass for over long period of time unlike the earlier used mothball which declined in mass very fast.
 Oduorex
RESULTS
Oduorex has proved to be effective in its intended purpose.
It is environmentally friendly in that it is a chemical free based product,therefore,absence of naphthalene has no profound greenhouse effect
Clay and ceramic are the constituent components taking the lions share in Oduorex manufacture therefore, this product would not contribute to ozone layer depletion unlike the earlier naphthalene injected mothballs.
It’s effective in septic tanks since Oduorex does not produce sludge
CONCLUSION
Oduorex has no taste and odorless. This may explain why it’s highly recommended for use. Its pocket friendly and highly effective in its purpose, however, this product would reduce incidences of ozone layer depletion and greenhouse effect.
Reduced global warming would result from embracing this odorless product
Since it’s a new product we’ve not experienced any side effects to people and the environment in its place of use.

RECOMMENDATION
Inappropriate use of Oduorex may pose novel challenges that may be difficult to contain since it’s a new product in the market and in great extend in the field.
It should be used in appropriate sites and recommendations that account is the product label which is legal document whose instructions must be followed

BIBLIOGRAPHY
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